Release of potassium accompanying the dissolution of rice straw phytolith

Title: Release of potassium accompanying the dissolution of rice straw phytolith
Authors: Nguyen, Minh Ngoc
Dultz, Stefan
Picardal, Flynn
Keywords: Rice straw;;Phytolith;Silicon;Potassium
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: In rice, Si assimilated from the soil solution is deposited in inter- and intracellular spaces throughout the leaf and stems to form silicified structures (so-called phytoliths). Because K is also present in significant concentrations in rice stems and leaves, the question arises if K is immobilized in the mineralized silica during the precipitation of Si. This work determined whether desilification of the phytolith is a factor regulating K release by implementing batch experiments. Solubility of Si and K of the rice straw heated at different temperatures were examined to identify effect of pretreatment. Analyses of phytoliths using SEM-EDX and X-ray tomographic microscopy in conjunction with the results from batch experiments revealed that K might co-exist with occluded organic matter inside the phytolith structure. In the kinetic experiments, corresponding increases of K and Si concentrations in the supernatants were observed which suggested that desilification of the phytolith is a main factor regulating K release. The extent of heat pretreatment of the rice straw is of significant importance with respect to dissolution of the phytolith by affecting organic removal and surface modification. At temperatures lower than 600 degrees C, corresponding increases of the soluble Si and K with heating temperature have been obviously observed. In contrast, the solubility of Si and K gradually decreased at temperatures above 600 degrees C. This work provides insights into factors that control release of K and Si from phytolith and a practical recommendation for practices of burning rice straw that may maximize subsequent release of Si and K for crops. 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Description: CHEMOSPHERE Volume: 119 Pages: 371-376 Published: JAN 2015 ; TNS05818
ISSN: 0045-6535
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